Fundamental of Nursing
This department is concerned with the development of the basic principles and practices of nursing as taught in educational programs for nurses. In a course on the fundamentals of nursing, traditionally required in the first semester of the program, the student attends classes and gives care to selected patients.
A fundamental of nursing course emphasizes the importance of the fundamental needs of humans as well as competence in basic skills as prerequisites to providing comprehensive nursing care.
This department is concerned with the development of nurses who are clinical nurse specialists with knowledge and experience in nutrition support.
There are not enough dietitians and nutritionists available to serve the entire healthcare industry. That means that nurses often fill the role of nutrition counselors. Nurses are given extensive education about nutrition, which create great opportunities for nurses in nutrition, both as educators and researchers.
Proper nutrition is important for staying healthy and is particularly vital for the elderly. The nutritional state of a patient often affects patient outcomes during illness and recovery. By treating nutrition proactively, illness and hospitalizations may be prevented. /p>
Child Health Nursing
This department is concerned with the development of health and medical care of infants, children, and adolescents from birth up to the age of 18. Pediatric nurses can provide preventative and acute care in all settings to children and adolescents.
Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (PNPs) perform physical exams, diagnose illness and injury, and provide education and support to patients' families. They often work in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with pediatricians and other health care providers.
Student studying child nursing will develop an understanding of the developmental, physical and social needs of children in hospital and at home.
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The department is concerned with the development of medical specialty that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum period and the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus and ovaries) and the breasts.
We prepare nurses who can care for women from puberty to menopause and can help women during pregnancy, labor and childbirth, as well as women with health issues with their reproductive system.
As a Gynecology/Obstetrics Nurse, she should also be able to teach women, and teenage girls, about physical and sexual health providing information on treatments from birth control to mammograms.
Psychiatry and Mental Health
This department is concerned with the development of mental health nursing that has specialized in mental health and cares for people of all ages with mental illness or mental distress, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychosis, depression, dementia and many more.
Nurses in this area receive specific training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behavior, and the administration of psychiatric medication.
A psychiatric nurse will have to have attained a bachelor's degree in nursing to become a registered nurse (RN) and specialize in mental health. The nurse in this field are able to assess, diagnose, and treat individuals and families with psychiatric disorders or the potential for such disorders using their full scope of therapeutic skills, including the prescription of medication and administration of psychotherapy.
This department is concerned with the development of skills in Nurse to supervise and care for cancer patients who are either chronically or critically ill.
Oncology nurse practitioners monitor their patients' physical conditions, prescribe medication and formulate symptom management strategies. These caring individuals often witness suffering and death, but many thrive on the deep, ongoing relationships they develop with patients.
As with all nursing careers, the demand for oncology nurses is expected to increase significantly over the next ten years. This is especially true because the vast majority of cancers are diagnosed in people over 55, making oncology nurses critically necessary as the baby boomer generation age.
This department is concerned with a focus on the utmost care of the critically ill or unstable patients. Critical care nurses can work in a wide variety of environments and specialties, such as general intensive care units, medical intensive care units, surgical intensive care units, trauma intensive care units, coronary care units, cardiothoracic intensive care units, and some trauma center emergency departments.
These specialists generally take care of critically ill patients who require mechanical ventilation by way of endotracheal intubation and/or titratable vasoactive intravenous medications.
Critically ill patients are those patients who are at high risk for actual or potential life-threatening health problems. The more critically ill the patient is, the more likely he or she is to be highly vulnerable, unstable and complex, thereby requiring intense and vigilant nursing care.
This department is concerned with development of accurate and up-to-date coverage of the latest trends, hot topics, and clinical developments in the field of medical-surgical nursing. Medical-surgical nursing is an exception field in the sense it is not limited to the disease process or body systems but rather, holistic in approach. It requires nurses to acquire and maintain diverse and extensive knowledge and skills on the different aspects of nursing care.
A medical-surgical nurse should strive hard to possess a wide variety of competencies and knowledge to survive on different situations in the workplace.
Because it is the foundation for health care, medical-surgical nursing is the perfect area for foundational learning for novice nurses and students. The primary requirements for nurses who want to be medical-surgical nurse is to obtain comprehensive knowledge and competency to be versatile and flexible when facing diverse settings.
This department is concerned with the development in nursing pertaining to older adults. Gerontological nurses work in collaboration with older adults, their families, and communities to support healthy aging, maximum functioning, and quality of life. These older adults are at greater risk of injuries and diseases like osteoporosis, Alzheimer's and cancer, which is why Geriatric Nurses focus on preventative care. They also help patients, and their families, cope with certain medical conditions that develop later in life. As a Geriatric Nurse, he/she can work in nursing homes, with home healthcare services and in hospice facilities taking care of bedridden patients, those with impaired mental ability, and for patients who are in pain. Since the human life expectancy has increased and the members of the Baby Boomer generation have started aging, the demand for geriatric nurses is expected to increase dramatically.
This department is concerned with the development of Public health nurses who can devote themselves to the health and well-being of the communities they serve by educating them in beneficial health practices and disease prevention.
They are able to identify common health problems in the community while treating patients, and work to create intervention plans to correct or prevent the health and safety issues they discover.
A public health nurse strives to promote prevention over treatment. By correcting poor health practices and maintaining a safe home or work environment, patients lower risks to their health and require fewer visits to health care facilities. The goal of a public health nursing career is to educate patients through community-based intervention programs, which identify and correct multiple health issues:
- Improper diet
- Infectious and sexually transmitted diseases
- Social violence
- Substance abuse
- Teen pregnancy
This department is concerned with the development of psychomotor skills (skills that require varying levels of well-coordinated physical activity and precise procedures), in nursing in order to provide the basis for safe, competent care to patients and families in the clinical setting. Lab sessions are scheduled as part of nursing courses, and preparation prior to the lab session is expected (assigned readings, assignments, viewing audiovisual resources).
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